History of Community Action
- President Johnson’s “War on Poverty” resulted in the creation of the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO)
- President Johnson asked Shriver to help create the OEO
- Some of the programs that were created under the Equal Opportunity Act included:
VISTA, Job Corp, Neighborhood Youth Corps, Head Start, Adult Basic Education, Family Planning;, Community Health Centers, Congregate Meal Preparation, Economic Development CDCs, Foster Grandparents, Legal Services, RSVP, Neighborhood Centers, Summer Youth Programs
The Economic Opportunity Act defined the purpose of a CAA:
- To stimulate better focusing of all available local, state, private and federal resources upon the goal of enabling low-income families, and low-income individuals of all ages in rural and urban areas, to attain the skills, knowledge, and motivation to secure the opportunities needed for them to become self-sufficient.
- Like many other jurisdictions in the nation, The Economic Opportunity Planning Association of Greater Toledo, Inc. (EOPA, Pathway’s predecessor agency) was established in 1965 to deal with the “War on Poverty” in Lucas County
Its’ program included:
- Head Start, Legal Services, Fair Housing, Community Development, Home Repair, Education, Employment Services, Home Rehab, Weatherization.
- Pathway serves low-income Lucas County residents whose income does not exceed the income eligibility levels for each program a customer may want to apply for. Income eligibility guidelines vary by program from a low of 125% of the federal poverty guideline to 200% of the federal poverty guideline.
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